Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg

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Biomedical Materials Group - Research Projects

DFG project 2018

Biogenic, thermoresponsive polyelectrolyte multilayers as potential substrates for the generation of cell sheets for tissue engineering

Runtime: Jabuary 1st, 2018 to December 31st, 2020

Partner: Jun.-Prof. Kai Zhang, Universität Göttingen

A novel approach for the formation of thermoresponsive surface coatings based on derivatives from cellulose and chitosan as biogenic, biocompatible, and environmental-friendly biopolymers from renewable resources will be explored for making culture substrata for mammalian cells to permit non-enzymatic release of cells and cell sheets by temperature change. The new system shall provide essential advantages over existing fully synthetic thermoresponsive polymers like poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) because of the inherent bioactivity of sulfated cellulose/chitosan towards mitogenic and morphogenic growth factors, the excellent biocompatibility as well as the potential long-term degradability. These advantages allow these systems not only to be feasible for in vitro applications to generate cell sheets for engineering various tissues for transplantation including skin, cornea, myocardium, etc., but also to be potentially useful for diverse in vivo applications, where the thermoresponsive release of proteins and/or cells is desirable.

German Research Society (DFG) through Grant GR 1290/12-1

ESF Graduate School AGRIPOY

Subproject Functional Polymers

Activation of biocompatible polysaccharides for making biomimetic surface coatings with recombinant growth factors for regeneration of ligaments

Runtime: October 1st, 2017 to September 30th, 2020

The research project investigates the effect of different cross-linking degree of semisynthetic polysaccharides during multilayer formation on mechanical properties and controlled release of growth factors regarding their effect on differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells towards fibrocartilage and bone. The following specific objectives shall be addressed:

  • Synthesis of libraries of polysaccharides with different degree of functionalization of reactive thiols and vinylgroups for photochemical or terminal amine groups for enzymatic cross-linking
  • Formation of multilayers from functionalized libraries of polysaccharides with different cross-linking degree that changes the mechanical properties of substrata and release of growth factors
  • Recombinant expression of growth factors GDF-5 and BMP-2 with introduction of additional linkers for covalent immobilization in multilayers
  • Generation of gradients cross-linking but also growth factors presentation by a microfluidic device
  • Study of effect of mechanical and growth factor gradients on cell differentiation with mesenchymal stem cells

Project sponsored by Saxony-Anhalt

Consortium "Chemical and Biosystem Technics" Saxony-Anhalt

Subproject CBS 7

DESIGN OF BIOACTIVE SURFACE COATINGS AND HYDROGELS FOR MEDICAL APPLICATIONS BASED ON BIOBASED MATERIALS

Runtime: October 1st, 2016 to September 30th, 2019

Biobased materials such as alginates, cellulose, chitosan and hyaluronans should receive bioactivity through specific chemical reaction that allows their medical use. The bioactivity of polysaccharides is determined by adsorptive or covalent coupling to polymers, ceramics and metals or as cross-linking in situ hydrogels with cell cultures, making new products for medical implants and cell therapy to be selected.

DFG project 2016

In situ gelling hydrogels for cartilage regeneration

Runtime: June 1st, 2016 to May 31st, 2019

In situ cross-linking hydrogels are useful for minimal invasive treatment of tissue defects and also for controlled release of drugs. The proposal is focused on the hypothesis that semisynthetic sulfated and oxidized polysaccharides like cellulose and chitosan can be used for generation of hydrogels with tunable mechanical properties, degradation behavior, kinetic of release of growth factor TGF-beta3 and resulting chondrogenic activity towards mesenchymal stem cells to be applicable for regeneration of cartilage. Beside synthesis of cellulose and chitosan derivatives, characterization of mechanical degradation properties and in vitro studies on bioactivity, also spectroscopic and imaging methods shall be used to analyze mass transfer inside hydrogels, mechanical properties, and biocompatibility in vitro and in vivo with a mouse model.

German Research Society (DFG) through Grant GR 1290/11-1

EU Joint Mobility Project - BEAM

Biomedical Engineering - EU Australian cooperation at the master level

Runtime: October 1st, 2014 to September 30th, 2018

The Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg is a member of a project funded by the European Union, which promotes the exchange of students between Europe and Australia. German students can take courses in the fields of biomedical engineering and pharmacy for 3.5 or 5 months at the Queensland University of Technology in Brisbane or the University of Sydney, and at the same time, in consultation with the Biomedical Materials Group and their colleagues in Australia, prepare a Master or Diploma Thesis.

http://www.beam-jmp.eu   

Data Bank of the Federal State of Saxony-Anhalt (Germany)

Forschungsdatenbank des Landes Sachsen-Anhalt

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